Judge Kavanaugh, the Supreme Court and relief for McConnell’s crimes

Illegal actions tipped Supreme Court Balance

Kavanaugh isn’t the problem, Mitch McConnell’s usurpation of Presidential Appointment powers is- and what to do about it.

By Darrell Prince

The conversations about how to stop Kavanaugh, seem misguided, like arguing over colors of sweaters you will pack for the post apocalypse; perhaps time best spent attempting to prevent the apocalypse. Yes, Kavanaugh has a terribly troubling record, and like certain other Justices it seems like certain things- things which get Republicans elected- shaving off votes, deleting registered voters, tampering with vote values via apportionment and gerrymandering seem to be decided before they hear a case. They also all seem to be pretty obvious forms of altering the government structure and it’s resources to suit a favored minority, the opposite of any form of democracy, including the American republican form of democracy.

But the real story for the Supreme Court, the concept of Justice and the future of the United States, is the balance of power shift that was interrupted by a crime. The balance of power- swung to the liberal end of the court, was rudely, and illegally interrupted, and shifted, making every single case out of the Supreme Court in the last year suspect in the extreme. And, similar to how prior cases by police who are found to be planting evidence, have to be thrown out, so too, do most of the precedent overturning 5-4 decisions involving Gorsuch. The entire credibility of the system of Justice- frankly, already with some very real issues, is nearly entirely dissolved by not only the action, but the failure to examine a highly questionable action involving the make up one of the three branches of government

A crime was committed, when Mitch McConnell decided to block President Obama’s appointment of Merrick Garland to the Supreme Court of the United States of America, and unlike most crimes, it arises direct and you could apply many criminal statutes 18 USC 241, conspiracy to deny rights, obstruction of justice, to this behavior and actions. It was a violation of separation of powers, as it is clearly meant by both the Constitutional text, and tradition that the President picks Supreme Court nominees. This is a terrible precedent, allowed to continue, it means that any political party controlling the Senate, has the Appointment power, effectively a transfer of Constitutional Authority.

That the action was unusual is not difficult to measure; it’s never happened before in 200 years. The issue was neither President Obama’s qualifications as President, nor his legal status, nor Judge Garlands qualifications, all were impeccable, far more so than Mr. Trump’s. After Mr. Trump started nominating judges, all of a sudden the rate of confirmation went from slowest to fastest in the history of judicial nominations, filling in seats, previously held open by the Republican party of the United States of America, slowing down an entire branch of government, with far more pressing day to day responsibilities than either of the other two branches.

https://powerfulconstitutionalrights.org/mitch-mcconnell-…nges-obstruction/

The intent was that no non Republican judge would be seated on the Supreme Court. Several members went so far as to say that, were Hillary Clinton elected President they would continue Nor was there some sort of unusual circumstanc

Both President Obama himself, as well as Senate Judiciary especially and the Senate in general have strong standing to bring suit in this matter. However, it is pretty clear, as this is clearly a process arising under the Constitution, and involves the make up of sovereign power in the United States, the process of Appointment must be unquestionable and entirely free of the possibility of taint.

The relief? As Obama’s civil rights were violated by the refusal to allow him to pick a Supreme Court Justice- at a minimum, relief is reverting the pick back to President Obama, and removing any, and all of the 5-4 decisions which overturned precedent.

To anyone honest, who is familiar with and directly involved in process- from legal to scientific to business, holding up the whole show from a position of lesser responsibility for selection of team members is an obvious no no. I do not believe 60% of even Republican appointed justices would approve of this action as it is truly repugnant to the law, democratic republic, and the very concept of process itself.

Should this case go to the Supreme Court, Gorsuch would be forced to recuse himself; to end on a 5-4 decision with a person deciding a case on their own job; would be to publicly announce from the Supreme Court that Justice was no longer a thing in America, and it seems unlikely that anyone, no matter their stripe or bend would risk what could very well mark the beginning of full implosion of the United States of America.

Senate Rules on Executive Appointments 2013 revision

From https://www.rules.senate.gov/rules-of-the-senate
XXXI
    1. When nominations shall be made by the President of the United States to the Senate, they shall, unless otherwise ordered, be referred to appropriate committees; and the final question on every nomination shall be, “Will the Senate advise and consent to this nomination?” which question shall not be put on the same day on which the nomination is received, nor on the day on which it may be reported by a committee, unless by unanimous consent.

(Note: where are the records for the 2016 receipt of the Appointment of Merrick Garland how do they differ from Sotomayer, Kagan and Gorsuch what was the purpose of this process deviation)

    1. All business in the Senate shall be transacted in open session, unless the Senate as provided in rule XXI by a majority vote shall determine that a particular nomination, treaty, or other matter shall be considered in closed executive session, in which case all subsequent proceedings with respect to said nomination, treaty, or other matter shall be kept secret: Provided, That the injunction of secrecy as to the whole or any part of proceedings in closed executive session may be removed on motion adopted by a majority vote of the Senate in closed executive session: Provided further, That any Senator may make public his vote in closed executive session.
    1. When a nomination is confirmed or rejected, any Senator voting in the majority may move for a reconsideration on the same day on which the vote was taken, or on either of the next two days of actual executive session of the Senate; but if a notification of the confirmation or rejection of a nomination shall have been sent to the President before the expiration of the time within which a motion to reconsider may be made, the motion to reconsider shall be accompanied by a motion to request the President to return such notification to the Senate. Any motion to reconsider the vote on a nomination may be laid on the table without prejudice to the nomination, and shall be a final disposition of such motion.
    1. Nominations confirmed or rejected by the Senate shall not be returned by the Secretary to the President until the expiration of the time limited for making a motion to reconsider the same, or while a motion to reconsider is pending unless otherwise ordered by the Senate.
    1. When the Senate shall adjourn or take a recess for more than thirty days, all motions to reconsider a vote upon a nomination which has been confirmed or rejected by the Senate, which shall be pending at the time of taking such adjournment or recess, shall fall; and the Secretary shall return all such nominations to the President as confirmed or rejected by the Senate, as the case may be.
    1. Nominations neither confirmed nor rejected during the session at which they are made shall not be acted upon at any succeeding session without being again made to the Senate by the President; and if the Senate shall adjourn or take a recess for more than thirty days, all nominations pending and not finally acted upon at the time of taking such adjournment or recess shall be returned by the Secretary to the President, and shall not again be considered unless they shall again be made to the Senate by the President.
  1. (a) The Official Reporters shall be furnished with a list of nominations to office after the proceedings of the day on which they are received, and a like list of all confirmations and rejections.(b) All nominations to office shall be prepared for the printer by the Official Reporter, and printed in the Congressional Record, after the proceedings of the day in which they are received, also nominations recalled, and confirmed.

    (c) The Secretary shall furnish to the press, and to the public upon request, the names of nominees confirmed or rejected on the day on which a final vote shall be had, except when otherwise ordered by the Senate.

Gerry Mandering- Whitford Gill

Whitford GIll Gerry Mandering

Gill v Whitford- a Case study in the paralyzed legal system of the United State

The Supreme Court- in a unanimous decision, to hit snooze on what they acknowledge is a dire threat to American Republic, growing progressively worse.

Partisan gerry mandering is “incompatible with democratic principles.” Arizona State Legislature v. Arizona Independent Redistricting Comm’n, 576 U. S. ___, ___ (2015) (slip op., at 1) (quoting Vieth v. Jubelirer, 541 U. S. 267, 292 (2004) (plurality opinion); alterations omitted). More effectively every day,that practice enables politicians to entrench themselves inpower against the people’s will. And only the courts can do anything to remedy the problem, because gerrymanders benefit those who control the political branches.

 

41 pages to explain why they are not sure that the Wisconsin residents were the right people to address the issues

 

In a surprisingly even handed manner- rather than a dismissal- they remanded the case- sent it to the local, federal district court to adjust the case- and they seemed to genuinely want to hear more. The facts of the case seem to necessitate further and quick action , and I frankly fail to see how there would be much debate on the issue, even from the just the next two paragraphs, long before we get to laws which govern this.

 

Symposium: Bringing Whitford into focus

“In 2010, Wisconsin Republicans won fortuitous majorities in the fall elections. They then used that control to create a map for state assembly elections that would guarantee them large legislative majorities even with a minority of the statewide vote, and, crucially, deny their Democratic opponents the same opportunity. They did this intentionally. And they succeeded. Consultants and legislative aides – supervised by the leaders of the state’s Republican caucus – worked away in an off-site “map room” to engineer maps with the aid of sophisticated social-science techniques. Legislative Democrats were entirely excluded from the mapping process. Even rank-and-file Republicans were largely left in the dark, shown only information relating to their specific districts and only after signing nondisclosure agreements. The maps were then rapidly pushed through both houses of the legislature and signed into law by the state’s Republican governor.”

(Whitford opinions)

In 2012, Republicans won 60 Assembly seats with 48.6% of the two-party statewide vote for Assembly candidates. In 2014, Republicans won 63 Assembly seats with 52% of the statewide vote.

218 F. Supp. 3d 837, 853 (WD Wis. 2016).  *

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is an election

The popular answer, one which it is likely neither judge nor politician will dispute is a “test of the people’s will” which is done by tallying the people’s votes for representatives

The map is the way of representing the will of large groups of people, with the idea of maintaining local areas of interest, and giving them a representative voice .

 

This process is governed, primarily by the 14th Amendment-though unfortunately requiring several additional ones-  to get every person the right to vote. No person shall be deprived of equal protection under the laws– and we generally take equal protection to mean equal privileges of. Also, Baker v Carr, Wesberry v Sanders established a ‘one person, one vote’ principle- which means that the number of people in each district should be approximately equivalent. So if it is impermissible to create districts so certain people have more power and influence

 

 

  1. Is there a valid case- does the system for electing representatives accurately(accurate- hits the bulls eye) and precisely( precise- hits the same place on the dartboard, over and over, regardless of where) reflect the will of the people?

 

Together with the fact that Wisconsin has 99 seats in the Assembly you have all the facts necessary to determine the adequacy or lack there of Wisconsin’s districting system.

 

In 2012, Republicans won 60 Assembly seats with 48.6% of the two-party statewide vote for Assembly candidates. In 2014, Republicans won 63 Assembly seats with 52% of the statewide vote.

218 F. Supp. 3d 837, 853 (WD Wis. 2016).  *

 

Republicans won 61% of State Assembly voting power with 49% of the two party vote in 2012, and 64% with 52% of the vote in 2014.

 

They won a strong majority, while being slightly in the minority- effectively pushing out of power a group with more votes. It may seem like this can vary year to year, or depending on issue, national sentiment, third parties but these things affect the numbers of votes collected- those have already been taken in to consideration, and there is this huge distortion.

 

A couple of seats here or there difference because of blow outs- 48% of the vote producing 52% of the seats- may be possible. But a 12% swing, in consecutive elections is statistically impossible without  map distortion.

 

In a two party system elections are a zero sum game, making this very simple- presumably, a strong showing by a third party hewing to either  in multiple districts would change the over all picture. In this case however- the brilliance in using only the two party vote tally in this comparison, is it doesn’t matter.

 

 

 

  1. What gerrymandering actually is.

 

Gerrymandering is a practice intended to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries- Wikipedia

 

In regards to state legislatures, state officials adjust the commons-  take an official act- changing the shape of the state government itself- for the good of themselves, and the good of their external association on taxpayer time and dime.

 

If you are familiar with Baker V Carr, Reynolds, etc, what those cases were was really saying it is impermissible to rig the system to give certain people more say in the state legislatures than others.

 

18 USC 201

(B)

being a public official, former public official, or person selected to be a public official, otherwise than as provided by law for the proper discharge of official duty, directly or indirectly demands, seeks, receives, accepts, or agrees to receive or accept anything of value personally for or because of any official act performed or to be performed by such official or person; shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for not more than two years, or both.

 

Is job security, at a set monetary value, something of value? Is the ability to craft legislation, that directly affects business regulated by the legislation, have value? But this is federal charges.

 

From the Wisconsin statutes.

230.40 Political activities; public office.

 No person holding any position in the classified civil service may during the hours when on duty engage in any form of political activity calculated to favor or improve the chances of any political party or any person seeking or attempting to hold partisan political office, nor engage in any political activity when not on duty to such an extent that the person’s efficiency during working hours will be impaired or that he or she will be tardy or absent from work. Any violation of this section is adequate grounds for dismissal.

While I have not researched whether or not the same standards apply to the elected officials themselves, I’d be willing to bet every dollar I don’t have- quite a tidy sum,  that it applies to any contractor hired by the state government. Nor is accepting outside paid for maps a possibility- this  would directly be bribery. So unless these state legislators literally drew the maps themselves.. there is no way they could draw partisan maps legally- and even that is a stretch.

 

  1. Can these people bring the case forward- standus locii or standing
    1. General objection to court policy on this.

It is the practice of the US Courts, to, particularly when they don’t want to be bothered or the question is difficult, to say that the person has no Article III standing to sue. It is a strict Constitutionally mandated duty which must be adhered to above anything else, and requires that the Courts only act to help people who can show that they have been personally harmed in a significant way that doesn’t affect anyone else. Of course, you may have a difficult time finding it, since it is not mentioned in Article III nor in any legal document anywhere from 1776-1918ish when Justice Brandeis and company decided that it was a clear Constitutional duty.

 

Aquaman certainly doesn’t have any business in court contesting BLM (Bureau of Land Management)Oklahoma cattle grazing regulations, (unless he owns shares in the cattle companies) and those sorts of clear hey you have no dog in this fight should be thrown out. *But  it seems highly unlikely that the founders intended that large swaths of the Constitution would be unusable- and very clear, and very likely violations of said Constitution would continue until the political branches had a change of heart or the right person saying the exact right thing stepped forward. That a government’s adherence to it’s written contracts with it’s

people, is We the people’s business, in country ostensibly of the people for the people and by the people is something that should but apparently does not go without saying.

    1. Restriction to their district for standing-

That gerry mandering only affects the people in the specific district fails to take into account the actual purpose of voting. The right to vote is not the right to go in a booth, nor to choose a person who gets paid to go back and forth from the capital of their state. The purpose is to take part in selecting a representative who the voter  believes will best advance and represent that voters’s interest,( and hopefully the community at large) making real and concrete an agenda the voter supports. The ability to have a non voting, or voting with a substantial minority party in a binary system in practice, nearly the same thing as, nothing whatsoever. Ask Puerto Ricans- Ame Ricans in numbers that in the mid west or New England would get them 6 Senators,  and 5ish Reps without a voting rep in Congress.

Nor is the ability to elect an honest man to have equal say and vote, with 7 members of the same corporation who are unconvicted felons, whose credentials are faked. (Not that this is necessarily the case nor necessarily not the case, here- it is to say that )

 

 

You are always voting for representation in a system; one in this case that only has effect as a whole. Your vote for mayor of your city will not give you standing to sue for malfeasance in the elections of a different city.

 

But if you are voting for members of a board that depends on state wide elections for the representatives who vote on laws that have state wide effect, The taxes collected, whether right turn on red is legal, and whether schools are funded properly are all decisions that are made

 

When I vote for representation, I am voting for a person who will represent my interests, and my values. This person is not going to “go it alone” since the branches are co-equal at all levels, in theory. When it is a person on the legislature, my vote goes to a person to represent me and my interests, and values. So my vote for a person in my district is partially for the person but mostly because they associate themselves with ideas and an idealogy I back- or at least most voters do this, most of the time.

 

In this context their interests and my interests are one and the same- which means that if they/we are elected, but have no coalition, because the other seats have all been gerrymandered,  there is effectively no vote.

 

The Court argues here, that a remedy would only be the fixing of their district, that only individuals denied representation  By this logic, the remedy for a government throwing away the votes of the opposite party would be to apply additional tally marks in the opposing column for the plaintiffs, and only the plaintiffs who stepped forward.

 

Any time you vote, you vote as part of an association, a paradigm, a mindset which best suits what you think you want at the time in government. As an individual, your right to vote, is in fact worthless. One vote can make a difference- ennh- rarely enough that it does not bear merit of additional text.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crimes in US Senate: Crimes of Sen. Mitch McConnell, Senator Charles Grassley and other corrupt Senators who solicit bribes for earned income

Mitch Mcconnell, obstructionist
by Brett Sablosky
In 2016 Sen Mitch McConnell and Sen Chuck Grassley did the unthinkable and committed serious crimes. For first time in United States history, the majority leader and the majority refused to have an up or down vote on a U.S. Supreme Court nominee of a sitting United State President. The Senate majority Republicans deprived the Senate minority Democrats of their absolutely guaranteed Constitutional right and constitutional duty to vote on a U.S. Supreme Court nominee, who in this case was Judge Merrick Garland, nominated by President Obama. Senator McConnell and Senator Grassley, two career criminals in U.S. Senate went much further than that, for first time in 230 , they declared that they would not hold confirmation hearings or an up or down vote on any nominee nominated by President Obama in his remaining 10 months. McConnell , Grassley and the other 9 Republicans on U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee each committed 47 felony counts of violations of civil rights of Obama and the 46 Senators who wished to have hearings and vote on the Merrick Garland nomonation plus 1 count of obstruction of justice. Among the criminals on Judiciary who agreed to commit these crimes , under crime tutor Sen. Chuck Grassley of Iowa, the current attorney general of U.S. Jefferson Sessions, plus Sen. John Cornyn TX., Sen. Mike Lee UT., Sen Orrin Hatch UT., Sen. David Vitter LA., Sen Lindsay Graham S.C., Sen. Jeff Flake AZ, and Sen Thom Tills N.C.
     These criminal arrogant Senators, in violation of U.S. Constitution decided that they would pick who the next U.S. Supreme Court nominee would be, not President Obama, the sitting elected president.

Mitch McConnell – Greatest Obstructionist in Congressional history, law breaker

Mitch Mcconnell, obstructionist

An Examination of the Ethics of Mitch McConnell

On December 8th, 2010,  at the Heritage foundation, then Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell said his #1 priority was to make President Obama a one term president. An admission of intent to use his powers as Senate Minority leader to obstruct the works of the United States Government.

True to at least these words, since he has been Senate Majority leader, he has helped to set the records for lowest productivity Congresses, most filibusters,  usurped the powers of the Presidency to appoint the Judiciary, obstruction of government activities purely for political gain, a form of bribery, engaged in theft of honest government services,conspiracy to defraud the United States,and may have taken actual monetary bribes for his devotion to illegal action, or perhaps inaction is more accurate. His role as full on Obstructionist is the greatest in living memory and probably of all time- only Newt Gingrich may deserve more credit, and as we see later, the Newt Congresses were the only rivals for futility of Congress- hardly the most functional of bodies before these two infamous individuals.

The only point of principle, worthy of mention, is he doesn’t take the Congressional Obamacare fee waiver.

McConnell’s Money

McConnell’s average wealth of $22.8 million puts him well above the Senate average. Oddly, however, before 2008 McConnell was well below the Senate average. In 2004, his average net worth was $3.1 million, compared to a Senate average of $14.5 million.

That’s almost a seven fold increase in 10 years. McConnell has quadrupled his net worth since 2007, when it was $7.8 million.

So what happened in 2008? His financial disclosure form tells the story—suddenly there appeared a tax-exempt money market fund, valued at between $5 million and $25 million, listed as a “gift from a filer’s relative.” (Look at Line 2 and then Line 3.)

 

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/fact-checker/wp/2014/05/22/how-did-mitch-mcconnells-net-worth-soar/?utm_term=.51671e1bdc3c

Filibusters

Mitch McConnell filibusters obstruction of government

What is happening here- 50 sounds like too many filibusters. 307 is civil war without the pistols. The asterisk shows that 307 does not include Obama’s final 3 years in office, meaning it is not a full picture- though the Democrats lost the Senate in year 4.

Judiciary Nominees

  1. 68 individual nominees blocked in the history of the Senate

79 individual court nominees blocked under Obama

According to Politifact 68 individual nominees blocked prior to Obama taking office and 79 (so far) during Obama’s term, for a total of 147.”

This does not  to my knowledge include the Blue Slip process, officially, but should be.

 Garland Nomination and the Obstruction of Governmental Processes for Political Advantage

 

The shall language in Article II   Section 2  Paragraph 2 is very important

The pronoun “he” refers to the any current serving president at the time that a vacancy occurs on the US Supreme Court.

He shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court,”

makes the job of advising and consenting to Judges of the Supreme Court mandatory when a vacancy occurs under a sitting president.  The US Senate is not given and does not have the right to refuse hearings and refuse an up or down vote of a quorum of the Senate on whether the sitting president’s choice of a nominee, in this case President Obama’s choice of Merrick Garland, can be obstructed by refusing to have hearings and an up or down vote of a quorum of Senators.

The “shall nominate” and “shall appoint” language make at least a floor vote on the nominee Merrick Garland mandatory as a duty all Senators when a quorum of Senators can be convened.

The shall nominate means the president must nominate a judge or judges to fill any vacancy on the supreme court when such vacancy occurs during the president’s term in office.

The shall appoint language modifies the “by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate” phrase and is a prepositional phrase that is an adverbial clause. This adverbial clause modifies the “shall appoint” language and makes the work of the Senate mandatory to advise and consent to any nominee for supreme Court judge. If the Senate were allowed to deny hearings and or deny an up or down vote on Presidential nominees to the Supreme Court, the term “by and with the advice and consent” would be prefaced with the helper verb “may”, that is the Senate may advice and consent. In that case however the advice and consent of the Senate to give advice and consent to the president’s chosen appointment Merrick Garland, would not even be necessary. That is then with the verb “may” added “may give advice and consent” the confirmation hearings and the up or down floor vote would not be needed for the president to make the appointment.

The argument has been used that the Constitution does not contain time constraints. While this is silly on it’s face- it does not matter- shall implies must do, and if there was a delay, and then a vote, this would be a little less egregious, see next paragraph.  Instead, the Senate refused to do a Constitutionally mandated duty, exposing themselves to several criminal charges from civil rights deprivation 18 USC 241 and 242, Theft of Honest Government Services, Bribery, and Obstruction of Justice.

The appropriate measure then, would be to look at the previous history of judicial nominations and their times to confirmations, and in this case, the time from nomination to confirmation for Neil Gorsuch. If there is a significant difference- it is fairly clear that they altered normal time frames for their own political gain.

 

Thus the Senate failed to do it’s Constitutional duty in order to get a Supreme Court pick it did not have in order to keep it. Gorsuch must be removed and the Supreme Court pick reverts back to Obama, because of the illegal actions of the Senators.

 

The Garland thing was the tip of the iceberg, as McConnell filibustered 300 times in less than 4 years, including 69 judges(approx) more than in the entire previous 230 years forcing Reid to use the Nuclear Option.

69 judges? They held up the workings of the system, so they could get their people in, for years. Everyone working harder, less justice, because there were less justices, to do the job.

Obstruction of government by government
Mitch McConnell’s record low productivity, only approached by one other- Newt Gingrich

 

After 300 filibusters, and a year without Judiciary hearings, McConnell nukes the filibuster and says getting judges on is of the first priority.In a Country that’s bloodiest war was called Civil, this sort of underhanded

unConstitutional grinding the gears of the machine because you didn’t win was just too unthinkable until this McConnell “leadership” of Senate.

https://www.politico.com/story/2016/02/mitch-mcconnell-antonin-scalia-supreme-court-nomination-219248

 

18 U.S. Code § 241 – Conspiracy against rights

If two or more persons conspire to injure, oppress, threaten, or intimidate any person in any State, Territory, Commonwealth, Possession, or District in the free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him by the Constitution or laws of the United States, or because of his having so exercised the same; or

If two or more persons go in disguise on the highway, or on the premises of another, with intent to prevent or hinder his free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege so secured—

They shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both; and if death results from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse or an attempt to commit aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill, they shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for any term of years or for life, or both, or may be sentenced to death.

 

 

18 U.S. Code § 1346 – Definition of “scheme or artifice to defraud”

ribery is the act of giving money, goods or other forms of recompense to a recipient in exchange for an alteration of their behavior (to the benefit/interest of the giver) that the recipient would otherwise not alter. Bribery is defined by Black’s Law Dictionary as the offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of any item of value to influence the actions of an official or other person in charge of a public or legal duty.[1] Alcohol money case is a real-life example of bribery.

Gifts of money or other items of value which are otherwise available to everyone on an equivalent basis, and not for dishonest purposes, is not bribery. Offering a discount or a refund to all purchasers is a legal rebate and is not bribery. For example, it is legal for an employee of a Public Utilities Commission involved in electric rate regulation to accept a rebate on electric service that reduces their cost for electricity, when the rebate is available to other residential electric customers. Giving the rebate to influence them to look favorably on the electric utility’s rate increase applications, however, would be considered bribery.

The bribe is the gift bestowed to influence the recipient’s conduct. It may be money, goods, rights in action, property, preferment, privilege, emolument, objects of value, advantage, or merely a promise to induce or influence the action, vote, or influence of a person in an official or public capacity.[2]

In economics, the bribe has been described as rent. Bribery in bureaucracy has been viewed as a reason for the higher cost of production of goods and services.

 

923. 18 U.S.C. § 371—Conspiracy to Defraud the United States

The general conspiracy statute, 18 U.S.C. § 371, creates an offense “[i]f two or more persons conspire either to commit any offense against the United States, or to defraud the United States, or any agency thereof in any manner or for any purpose. (emphasis added). See Project, Tenth Annual Survey of White Collar Crime, 32 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 137, 379-406 (1995)(generally discussing § 371).

The operative language is the so-called “defraud clause,” that prohibits conspiracies to defraud the United States. This clause creates a separate offense from the “offense clause” in Section 371. Both offenses require the traditional elements of Section 371 conspiracy, including an illegal agreement, criminal intent, and proof of an overt act.

Although this language is very broad, cases rely heavily on the definition of “defraud” provided by the Supreme Court in two early cases, Hass v. Henkel, 216 U.S. 462 (1910), and Hammerschmidt v. United States, 265 U.S. 182 (1924). In Hass the Court stated:

The statute is broad enough in its terms to include any conspiracy for the purpose of impairing, obstructing or defeating the lawful function of any department of government . . . (A)ny conspiracy which is calculated to obstruct or impair its efficiency and destroy the value of its operation and reports as fair, impartial and reasonably accurate, would be to defraud the United States by depriving it of its lawful right and duty of promulgating or diffusing the information so officially acquired in the way and at the time required by law or departmental regulation.

Hass, 216 U.S. at 479-480. In Hammerschmidt, Chief Justice Taft, defined “defraud” as follows:

To conspire to defraud the United States means primarily to cheat the Government out of property or money, but it also means to interfere with or obstruct one of its lawful governmental functions by deceit, craft or trickery, or at least by means that are dishonest. It is not necessary that the Government shall be subjected to property or pecuniary loss by the fraud, but only that its legitimate official action and purpose shall be defeated by misrepresentation, chicane or the overreaching of those charged with carrying out the governmental intention.

18 U.S. Code § 1505 – Obstruction of proceedings before departments, agencies, and committees

Whoever corruptly, or by threats or force, or by any threatening letter or communication influences, obstructs, or impedes or endeavors to influence, obstruct, or impede the due and proper administration of the law under which any pending proceeding is being had before any department or agency of the United States, or the due and proper exercise of the power of inquiry under which any inquiry or investigation is being had by either House, or any committee of either House or any joint committee of the Congress—

Shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years or, if the offense involves international or domestic terrorism (as defined in section 2331), imprisoned not more than 8 years, or both.

 

2016 Presidential Election Irregularities – Just Facts

2016 Presidential Election Irregularities

 

The Facts

 

  1. In 2016 a remarkably close election culminated in a surprise upset in the Presidential elections-substantially outpacing polls in swing states- a red flag in international election monitoring.

 

  1. The win was from 4 key swing states- amounted to less than 107,000 votes, out of 108,000,000 votes cast or .01% of the total, and ranging from .25% – 1% of the swing states.

 

  1.  Ms. Clinton- the popular vote winner by a large margin, nearly 3 million votes, lost by a significant margin in the electoral college.

 

  1. The electoral college significantly dilutes the vote of people who live in larger states, which allows 62 >65 million–equal representation under the law?

 

  1. 40+ electors appear to have been unqualified because they were either:

a.) State employees in states which bar them from holding two or more representative positions,

 

b.) from outside of the districts they claimed to represent.

 

If upheld, this would leave no candidate with the necessary 270 Electoral votes to be President.

 

  1. Congress under VP Joseph Biden refused to hear objections made by Representatives- the process requires both House Reps and Senators to challenge.

 

7.In 2016, the Republican party, and all agents and agencies in it’s sphere, were under a consent decree- a court monitored settlement which restricted any ballot security initiative- defined as compiling voter challenge lists to remove voters from the rolls or attempts to combat voter fraud without court preclearance.

 

  1. The Republican Party has never requested court preclearance.

 

  1. The RNC has been found to violate the consent decree, by the courts specifically 3 times, after the initial violations of Federal law that lead to the consent decree.

 

  1. Kris Kobach of Kansas, a Republican party agent, rebuked by state and federal judge alike for attempting to illegally remove qualified voters under the NVRA  is pending the application of a contempt of court charge for refusing a court order to put back on voter rolls voters he had taken off.

 

  1. Was the creator of the Interstate Crosscheck program, which matches first and last names- sometimes birthdays, and flags people with the same names across states as double voters.

 

  1. There are 7.2 million names(equivalent to 3% of the US population) on this list of possible “double voters”.7.2 million names under suspicion of a felony with the b evidence being similar names in different states.

 

  1. Virginia purged 1/7th of their list based on Crosscheck.

 

  1. If the rest of the 28 states followed suit-1 million people would have been purged.

 

  1. For 2 examples, 450,000 voters on the Crosscheck list in Michigan- a surprise win for Mr. Trump by 13,000 votes- 590,000 on the North Carolina list- a win by 177,000 votes.

 

 

  1. 42 USC 1971- a racial discrimination statute which gives the Attorney General the ability order a .patterns and practices investigation was not initiate d,  2  cases nationally were found to have the requisite high bar of discriminatory intent,

 

  1. A post-election study by Priorities USA, a Democratic super-PAC that supported Clinton, found that in 2016, turnout decreased by 1.7 percent in three states that adopted stricter voter ID laws but increased by 1.3 percent in states where ID laws did not change. Wisconsin’s turnout dropped 3.3 percent. If Wisconsin had seen the same turnout increase as states whose laws stayed the same, “we estimate that over 200,000 more voters would have voted in Wisconsin in 2016.”

 

  1. From the Wisconsin recount report. “In a few precincts, vote totals were altered by more than 20%. In 646 of the state’s 3,500 precincts vote totals were changed by more than 1%–four times the margin currently in Wisconsin law that would allow a candidate to seek a free recount.”

 

  1. There are 11 million citizens who were ineligible for federal voting in the United States in 2016.

 

  1. 4 million ( > 75% minority, 1.2% of the US population) of the American population in Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands because Congress has not either granted statehood or other method of apportioning in millions of American citizens have no federal representation under the law, for decades.

 

  1. Puerto Ricans voted for US statehood in 2016.

 

  1. Given the history of Baker v Carr, Wesberry v Sanders, and Reynolds v Sims, it could be said that the de facto role of the Courts is to initiate apportionment shifts; as legislatures exhibit an unlawful but predictable tendency to refuse to do so to maintain their own power and status quo.

 

  1. Since the Supreme Court gutted the Voting Rights Act, there were decisions in several states against the Republican party that would have had discriminatory effect- 2 were found to have met the much higher legal bar of discriminatory intent to suppress the votes of minorities.
  2. these decisions were for voter id laws- and were promoted as ballot security intiatives to prevent voter fraud, which the Republican party had

 

  1. 6 million Americans- (2.47% of the US Voting age Population) are unable to vote because they have been disenfranchised by their states due to prison time.

 

  1. 14-2 Amendment apportionment correction has never been addressed, nor the common interpretation examined- as it was enacted during reconstruction to prevent southern states from disenfranchising black voters- that it now actually disenfranchises more black voters than freed slave voters at the time it was enacted, requires review..

 

 

Rosenstein, Trump and not just Russia rigged the election

A picture of Rod Rosenstein the AG for 2016 election stuff

Crazy news day.

Trump moving to fire Rosenstein. Dunno why or how either in this instance or under Nixon, the President Constitutionally wouldn’t have the power to do so. Hardly seems that applies in this present structure. The advice not to- still holds-  because the current momentum is too great to get the whole shebang back under wraps through firings. Millions of people know what is going on and are pretty worked up about it. It would be throwing gasoline on a fire.

The Russia investigation is Constitutional- it is really the sort of emoluments step- that should be taken on becoming a Presidential candidate- as expensive as that might be- financial transactions at that level are going to be numerous, and Trump transacted a lot of business with foreign countries.

Stormy Daniels and his transgressions with her- are really small potatoes- the campaign finance violations are major thing- and it brought down a Presidential candidate, John Edwards in 2004 or so. It also looks like they knowingly masked the transactions to avoid the attention to it.

The election itself was defective, from jump, and while the Russia portion is a part of it – the real story is in the pattern of actions over time, by the RNC.

The overall thing is, it can procedurally be shown that the difference in the election- amounting to 107,000 votes in unexpected wins over 4 states- .01% of the vote total- would be dwarfed by the sheer scale of the illegal state and near state interference in the election- the RNC, at least a million.

1.

The Electoral College election- the “real election” featured 50 unqualified electors- many states require that state officials *** cannot *** be electors- because it’s holding two offices, or must be from their specific districts. It seems super technical- but the electoral college is. If you use a faked birth certificate to get a drivers license- you don’t get to keep it and drive. Or, if it requires driver school certification that is faked- the license will be revoked. While this could be considered a smaller violation that would be let pass under most circumstances, the defect certainly allows and perhaps requires a closer look at the underlying processes.

https://my.pcloud.com/publink/show?code=788otalK

2.

The RNC was under consent decree- a court ordered agreement with the DNC – to stay away from ballot security initiatives- for almost 30 years- because of how many felonies the RNC committed in New Jersey in 1982 Gubernatorial election. Further this was a sweeping decree in which the RNC agreed not only as an organization, but to prevent members, state parties, and related entities from engaging in these activities.

They were found, in court, to have violated those consent decree

In 1987, 1990, and 2004. In 2008 the Courts found no violation, though the facts seem to suggest otherwise.

As these are felony violations, the RNC could be considered a hardened criminal, especially since the Courts say corporations are people.

The term “ballot security” is defined in the 2009 modification as follows: (3) . . . any program aimed at combatting voter fraud by preventing potential voters from registering to vote or casting a ballot. Such programs include, but are not limited to,6 the compilation of voter challenge lists by use of mailing or reviewing databases maintained by state agencies such as motor vehicle records, social security records, change of address forms, and voter lists assembled pursuant to the HAVA7;

Essentially- because Republicans have been found to be suppressing the votes of minorities- felony Constitutional violations, multiple times, they are forbidden from making decisions that would stop people from voting, or anything that would involve making sure that voter registration was accurate, or the polls were more secure, because they could not be trusted to do so without racial discrimination

Then they passed Voter ID laws in 14 states to improve the ballot security, and started a program called CrossCheck, which ended up with more than 98 million records- identifying 7.2 million of them as ‘double voters”- potential felons- because first and last names matched up in different states- recommending that people be purged in both states.

These laws were found in two different states- to have been passed with racially discriminatory intent.

 

 

Amtrak Gross Negligence log

What follows is a clear demonstration of gross negligence, part of an ongoing lawsuit against Amtrak. We use the criminal statute 18 USC 1512 as a guideline- any attempt to delay, or obfuscate evidence, or a proceeding

Prior to this I had asked two officers to assist me- they refused to talk to me, told me to go away because it was none of their concern that property had been lost or stolen in their building.  The third person, agreed to walk to the area with me, and after specifically asking, will you take a report, agreed to do so. He also, told me that the cameras were down and not working. When I asked him how long they had been down and if he thought that would be a national security issue- his story changed, slightly he said they had no access to the cameras.

It was at that point that I decided to start recording the interactions.

The primary purpose of this video is to demonstrate that indeed, the questions about the video camera were going on at the time.- which he refuses to answer, likely being aware that he was being recorded.

I’m a little less cooperative than I would be otherwise, after 2 of his compatriots told me to buzz off in as many words, and either being lied to about the cameras, or in a place where people have fundamentally failed to adopt basic security measures, like accessible camera footage, but having 4 officers- training, equipment, benefits annually that would be no less than $500,000 dollars a year, but neither have cameras operating, nor the time at 6 am on a Sunday to help with a crime. committed within their 40,000 square feet of Jurisdiction

Officer misconduct felony: Obstruction of Justice

 

https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/1512

After completing the report, I took a walk around the station- just to see if I could find somebody who knew something, and a man was looking at my computer.

There’s 3 people around the individual with my computer, who admits it is mine and offers to sell it back to me.

There are less than 50 people in the station at this time, and later, I come to find out that this individual is a regular there, and has priors for theft, in that station.

 

Gross Negligence

Officer misconduct felony: Misprision of a felony

Officer misconduct felony: Accessory after the fact

 

After leaving the area where these people with my property are, I attempt deliver the previous video – along with the telephone number of the person with my computer to the police. They refuse, to take any information, the evidence of a crime- and seem to know a lot about me, the incident, but unwilling to talk about it. Several questionable statements are said – There is no crime until a report is entered? I just checked the system- (he is clearly not at any terminal. ) He cannot take any more information until the report shows up in the system? The commitment of the Amtrak police to a paperless office and related environmental concerns is admirable, but somewhat misguided in this instance. The officer in the first video- writes in a notebook.

Not shown, is my telling the officers that I have just ran into people who had my computer, that I have relevant details to the case

 

 

https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/1512

(b)Whoever ” “or engages in misleading conduct toward another person, with intent to—

(1)

influence, delay, or prevent the testimony of any person in an official proceeding;

(2)cause or induce any person to—

(A)

“”withhold a record, document, or other object, from an official proceeding;

(B)

“” conceal an object “”availability for use in an official proceeding;
https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/1519
18 U.S. Code § 1519 – Destruction, alteration, or falsification of records in Federal investigations and bankruptcy
US Code
prev | next
Whoever knowingly alters, destroys, mutilates, conceals, covers up, falsifies, or makes a false entry in any record, document, or tangible object with the intent to impede, obstruct, or influence the investigation or proper administration of any matter within the jurisdiction of any department or agency of the United States or any case filed under title 11, or in relation to or contemplation of any such matter or case, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both.